Michigan Periodontists & Gum Disease Treatment
If you need Michigan periodontal care, Dental Care of Michigan has offices throughout the state with specialists ready and willing to help you. Periodontal disease, more commonly referred to as gum disease, affects millions of Americans. While it’s most common among adults, gum disease can occur at any age. Even children can develop a milder type of gingivitis where their gums become red, swollen, puffy, and easily bleed while brushing or flossing.
If left untreated, ongoing deterioration of the gums and the bones supporting the teeth continues. This is why gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults. In addition to tooth loss, gum disease has been linked to heart disease, stroke, low-birth weight babies, diabetes, and respiratory disease.
Since gum disease is painless, most people are unaware that they have the condition. Especially if they don’t regularly see a dentist for cleanings or examinations. It’s been projected by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research that approximately 80% of adults in the U.S. currently suffer from some degree of gum disease.
Americans over the age of 65 are especially susceptible. Anything from smoking to immune system disorders, certain prescription medications, crooked or overcrowded teeth, stress, genetic factors, and poor fitting dental bridges can contribute to gum disease.
Types of Gum Disease
Gum disease is generally categorized as either gingivitis or periodontitis. Here are the four stages of gum disease:
Phase One: Gingivitis – Gingivitis is marked by irritated and swollen gums that easily bleed while you brush your teeth or floss. The good news is gingivitis can be prevented – even reversed – with good daily oral health habits like flossing or brushing and regularly scheduled professional teeth cleanings.
Phase Two: Early Periodontitis – In the early periodontitis stage, built-up plaque begins to harden around and under the gums. More pronounced bleeding, puffiness, and inflammation results in the development of pockets that are 3 to 4 millimeters in depth. WIthin these pockets is more plaque, toxins, and bacteria that will only deepen them if left untreated. A slight loss of supporting bone may even be observed during x-rays.
Phase Three: Moderate Periodontitis – Moderate periodontitis is where the pockets between the teeth get to 4 to 6 millimeters in depth. At this stage, more significant bone loss is revealed by x-rays.
Phase Four – Advanced Periodontitis – With advanced periodontitis, the gums have pulled away even further from the teeth with pockets in excess of 6 millimeters deep, more severe bone loss evident in x-rays, and teeth that have now become mobile or loose.
DO NOT Let Early Gingivitis or Periodontitis Go Untreated
Even daily brushing and flossing cannot completely rid all bacteria from your mouth. Good daily oral hygiene habits help ensure the bacteria present stays within a safe range. That said, most people admittedly brush once or twice a day but don’t floss. Since no toothbrush can get between your teeth, bacteria ultimately builds-up between the teeth resulting in some degree of gum disease.
The good news is our Michigan periodontists can help stop any existing periodontal disease from progressing with treatment. The earlier you begin addressing the problem, the less destructive it gets and the less costly it is to treat.
Treatment Options for Gum Disease
The primary goal of gum disease treatment is to control the problem from worsening. Periodontal disease is basically a chronic infection contributing to gum damage. The better you manage this infection, the more likely you are to limit its severity. Our Michigan periodontal treatments include:
Regularly scheduled professional deep cleanings. Typically every six months is sufficient, however, if periodontal disease is evident, cleanings every three to four months are often recommended. Scaling and root planing cleanings utilize an ultrasonic cleaning device to remove plaque and tartar from places on the tooth, its root, or under the gum line that are difficult to reach with regular cleaning devices. The rough surface of the tooth is then then planed (smoothed out) to provide a clean and healthy surface where the gum tissue can reattach itself to the tooth.
Oral medications or medications administered directly into infected pockets.
Gingival flap surgery, or a pocket reduction procedure, is a surgical treatment generally reserved for patients with moderate or advanced periodontitis. The procedure involves pulling up the gum tissue to remove built-up tartar and then stitching the tissue back together to fit more tightly around the teeth. Tissue grafts are another surgical option occasionally used to regenerate bone and supportive tissue.
Get Michigan Gingivitis & Gum Disease Treatment Today
If you’ve been diagnosed with gum disease, or you’re concerned you may have gum disease, the periodontic specialists at Dental Care of Michigan can confirm diagnosis and discuss a variety of treatment options customized to your specific situation and the severity of your periodontal disease. Please visit http://dentalcaremichigan.com/all-locations to find a Michigan periodontal specialist near you. Our Detroit-metro locations include Oakland County, Canton, Garden City, Warren, Livonia, Richmond, St. Clair Shores, Shelby, Southfield, Mt. Clemens, Evergreen, Montrose, and Hazel Park.